In a special election, California voters approve Proposition 4, which grants women in California the right to vote for the first time. Black suffragettes Lydia Flood Jackson and Hettie B. Tilghman are active in the movement leading up to the 1911 campaign, as is Latina organizer Maria de Lopez. However, Proposition 4 does not extend voting rights to Native American women or Puerto Rican woman. Native women are barred from voting in California until the 1924 passage of the Indian Citizenship Act, and Puerto Rican woman cannot vote until the removal of literacy requirements in 1935.

Lydia Flood Jackson